ISSN 2146-8346
 

Original Research 


Parent Involvement and Neurocognitive Functioning in Childhood Cancer Survivors

Sunita K Patel, Beth Baumeister Peters, Terece Bell, Julie Verner, Ernest R Katz, Mary N Baron, J Galen Buckwalter.

Cited by (6)

Abstract
Background
Despite speculation that environmental factors, such as family factors, may influence functional outcomes in children who have received neurotoxic treatments for cancer, there has been minimal research in this area. The importance of parental behaviors in support of their child’s learning and cognitive performance have been well-established across a wide range of populations and ages. To date, no study has investigated these parental behaviors in reference to outcomes in children at risk for cancer-related neurocognitive dysfunction. We hypothesized that parental “pro-learning” behaviors would be positively associated with cognitive outcomes in children diagnosed with cancers involving the Central Nervous system (CNS) or who have had intensive CNS therapy.
Methods
Relationships between parental behaviors and their child’s cognitive performance (IQ) were evaluated using a revised version of an assessment tool developed to identify the presence and frequency of parenting behaviors that promote learning. A sample of 56 parents of childhood cancer survivors ages 6 through 18 and their children were evaluated. Associations between various clinical and parental factors were examined.
Results
ANCOVA results showed significant differences in IQ performance based on level of parent involvement for children older than age 3 years at cancer diagnosis. IQ scores for children with higher levels of parent pro-learning behaviors were approximately 12 points higher compared to lower levels. Child’s age at diagnosis, cranial radiation, and parents’ pro-learning behaviors at home were significant predictors of child FSIQ in a multivariate regression model. Parent socioeconomic status was significantly associated with parents’ belief in their ability to help their child with learning and school success.
Conclusions
The present findings provide preliminary support for the hypotheses that envioronmental factors, such as parent involvement, may be associated with functional outcomes in children at risk for cancer-related neurocognitive dysfunction, and highlight the need for more research in this area.

Key words: neurocognitive, late effects, parenting, childhood cancer, neuropsychological, functional outcomes


 
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This Article Cited By the following articles

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Socioeconomic status as a possible moderator of neurocognitive outcomes in children with cancer
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Willingness to Participate in a Parental Training Intervention to Reduce Neurocognitive Late Effects Among Latino Parents of Childhood Cancer Survivors
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sunita K Patel, Beth Baumeister Peters, Terece Bell, Julie Verner, Ernest R Katz, Mary N Baron, J Galen Buckwalter. Parent Involvement and Neurocognitive Functioning in Childhood Cancer Survivors. J Behav Health. 2014; 3(1): 43-52. doi:10.5455/jbh.20131222084318


Web Style

Sunita K Patel, Beth Baumeister Peters, Terece Bell, Julie Verner, Ernest R Katz, Mary N Baron, J Galen Buckwalter. Parent Involvement and Neurocognitive Functioning in Childhood Cancer Survivors. http://www.jbehavioralhealth.com/?mno=45073 [Access: December 14, 2018]. doi:10.5455/jbh.20131222084318


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sunita K Patel, Beth Baumeister Peters, Terece Bell, Julie Verner, Ernest R Katz, Mary N Baron, J Galen Buckwalter. Parent Involvement and Neurocognitive Functioning in Childhood Cancer Survivors. J Behav Health. 2014; 3(1): 43-52. doi:10.5455/jbh.20131222084318



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sunita K Patel, Beth Baumeister Peters, Terece Bell, Julie Verner, Ernest R Katz, Mary N Baron, J Galen Buckwalter. Parent Involvement and Neurocognitive Functioning in Childhood Cancer Survivors. J Behav Health. (2014), [cited December 14, 2018]; 3(1): 43-52. doi:10.5455/jbh.20131222084318



Harvard Style

Sunita K Patel, Beth Baumeister Peters, Terece Bell, Julie Verner, Ernest R Katz, Mary N Baron, J Galen Buckwalter (2014) Parent Involvement and Neurocognitive Functioning in Childhood Cancer Survivors. J Behav Health, 3 (1), 43-52. doi:10.5455/jbh.20131222084318



Turabian Style

Sunita K Patel, Beth Baumeister Peters, Terece Bell, Julie Verner, Ernest R Katz, Mary N Baron, J Galen Buckwalter. 2014. Parent Involvement and Neurocognitive Functioning in Childhood Cancer Survivors. Journal of Behavioral Health, 3 (1), 43-52. doi:10.5455/jbh.20131222084318



Chicago Style

Sunita K Patel, Beth Baumeister Peters, Terece Bell, Julie Verner, Ernest R Katz, Mary N Baron, J Galen Buckwalter. "Parent Involvement and Neurocognitive Functioning in Childhood Cancer Survivors." Journal of Behavioral Health 3 (2014), 43-52. doi:10.5455/jbh.20131222084318



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sunita K Patel, Beth Baumeister Peters, Terece Bell, Julie Verner, Ernest R Katz, Mary N Baron, J Galen Buckwalter. "Parent Involvement and Neurocognitive Functioning in Childhood Cancer Survivors." Journal of Behavioral Health 3.1 (2014), 43-52. Print. doi:10.5455/jbh.20131222084318



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sunita K Patel, Beth Baumeister Peters, Terece Bell, Julie Verner, Ernest R Katz, Mary N Baron, J Galen Buckwalter (2014) Parent Involvement and Neurocognitive Functioning in Childhood Cancer Survivors. Journal of Behavioral Health, 3 (1), 43-52. doi:10.5455/jbh.20131222084318





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