ISSN 2146-8346
 

Original Research 


Hot, sweaty, and satisfied: Effects of Bikram yoga on psychological well-being

Allison A. Rissell, Brian K. Miller, Lisa K. Lloyd, James S. Williams.

Cited by (3)

Abstract
Background: Bikram yoga is sometimes referred to as hot yoga and a typical class is 90-minutes in duration, consists of 26 Hatha yoga postures and 2 breathing exercises, and is performed in a room heated to 41°C (105° F) with 40% humidity. This study examined the effects of Bikram yoga on two aspects of psychological well-being: core self-evaluation (CSE) and life satisfaction. Core self-evaluation is sometimes referred to as positive self-concept and is comprised of aspects of self-esteem, self-efficacy, locus of control, and emotional stability. Life satisfaction is a holistic appraisal of one’s life in which a comparison is made of one’s current circumstances to what is thought to be an appropriate internally determined personal standard.
Methods: Twenty-two subjects completed a 60-day Bikram yoga challenge. Self-report survey responses were gathered before and immediately after the challenge. A within-subjects one group pretest-posttest experimental design was used.
Results: Bonferroni-adjusted t-tests for change over time in CSE and life satisfaction were both statistically significant. Cohen’s d statistic as a measure of effect size was .53 for core-self-evaluation and .40 for life satisfaction.
Conclusions: Life satisfaction and CSE each improved over the course of the intervention. It is likely that the well-known effects of participating in intense physical exercise also contributed to improvements in psychological well-being.

Key words: Bikram yoga; core self-evaluation; life satisfaction; experiment; psychological well-being


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Rissell AA, Miller BK, Lloyd LK, Williams JS. Hot, sweaty, and satisfied: Effects of Bikram yoga on psychological well-being. J Behav Health. 2014; 3(1): 71-76. doi:10.5455/jbh.20131231051431


Web Style

Rissell AA, Miller BK, Lloyd LK, Williams JS. Hot, sweaty, and satisfied: Effects of Bikram yoga on psychological well-being. http://www.jbehavioralhealth.com/?mno=46502 [Access: August 19, 2018]. doi:10.5455/jbh.20131231051431


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Rissell AA, Miller BK, Lloyd LK, Williams JS. Hot, sweaty, and satisfied: Effects of Bikram yoga on psychological well-being. J Behav Health. 2014; 3(1): 71-76. doi:10.5455/jbh.20131231051431



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Rissell AA, Miller BK, Lloyd LK, Williams JS. Hot, sweaty, and satisfied: Effects of Bikram yoga on psychological well-being. J Behav Health. (2014), [cited August 19, 2018]; 3(1): 71-76. doi:10.5455/jbh.20131231051431



Harvard Style

Rissell, A. A., Miller, B. K., Lloyd, L. K. & Williams, J. S. (2014) Hot, sweaty, and satisfied: Effects of Bikram yoga on psychological well-being. J Behav Health, 3 (1), 71-76. doi:10.5455/jbh.20131231051431



Turabian Style

Rissell, Allison A., Brian K. Miller, Lisa K. Lloyd, and James S. Williams. 2014. Hot, sweaty, and satisfied: Effects of Bikram yoga on psychological well-being. Journal of Behavioral Health, 3 (1), 71-76. doi:10.5455/jbh.20131231051431



Chicago Style

Rissell, Allison A., Brian K. Miller, Lisa K. Lloyd, and James S. Williams. "Hot, sweaty, and satisfied: Effects of Bikram yoga on psychological well-being." Journal of Behavioral Health 3 (2014), 71-76. doi:10.5455/jbh.20131231051431



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Rissell, Allison A., Brian K. Miller, Lisa K. Lloyd, and James S. Williams. "Hot, sweaty, and satisfied: Effects of Bikram yoga on psychological well-being." Journal of Behavioral Health 3.1 (2014), 71-76. Print. doi:10.5455/jbh.20131231051431



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Rissell, A. A., Miller, B. K., Lloyd, L. K. & Williams, J. S. (2014) Hot, sweaty, and satisfied: Effects of Bikram yoga on psychological well-being. Journal of Behavioral Health, 3 (1), 71-76. doi:10.5455/jbh.20131231051431





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