ISSN 2146-8346
 

Original Research 


The Association of Personality on Anxiety: Moderation Considerations of Physical Activity

Chelsea Joyner, Paul D. Loprinzi.

Abstract
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to examine the potential moderating effects of physical activity on the association between personality and anxiety. Methods: Data were collected from 200 University students from October 2015 through June 2016. In order to assess personality, the Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) questionnaire was utilized. Anxiety was assessed utilizing the 5-item OASIS questionnaire. Physical activity was assessed using the validated International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). A multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between the personality and anxiety. Interaction analyses were computed to see if there was an interaction effect of personality and physical activity on anxiety. Results: Personality traits neuroticism (β= -0.222, 95% CI= 0.176 to 0.269, P=0.0) and openness to experience (β= 0.069, 95% CI= 0.020 to 0.119, P=0.006) were associated with higher levels of anxiety. With regard to our main objective, which was whether MVPA moderated the effects of personality on anxiety, there was no evidence of an interaction effect. Conclusion: Higher MVPA could not counter affect the negative association of neuroticism and openness on anxiety. It is plausible to suggest that personality plays a stronger role in influencing anxiety when compared to physical activity. Targeted anxiety-reducing interventions are needed among certain personality traits.

Key words: Personality; MVPA; Anxiety


 
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Pubmed Style

Joyner C, Loprinzi PD. The Association of Personality on Anxiety: Moderation Considerations of Physical Activity . J Behav Health. 2017; 6(2): 89-92. doi:10.5455/jbh.20170103051957


Web Style

Joyner C, Loprinzi PD. The Association of Personality on Anxiety: Moderation Considerations of Physical Activity . http://www.jbehavioralhealth.com/?mno=247578 [Access: June 19, 2018]. doi:10.5455/jbh.20170103051957


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Joyner C, Loprinzi PD. The Association of Personality on Anxiety: Moderation Considerations of Physical Activity . J Behav Health. 2017; 6(2): 89-92. doi:10.5455/jbh.20170103051957



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Joyner C, Loprinzi PD. The Association of Personality on Anxiety: Moderation Considerations of Physical Activity . J Behav Health. (2017), [cited June 19, 2018]; 6(2): 89-92. doi:10.5455/jbh.20170103051957



Harvard Style

Joyner, C. & Loprinzi, P. D. (2017) The Association of Personality on Anxiety: Moderation Considerations of Physical Activity . J Behav Health, 6 (2), 89-92. doi:10.5455/jbh.20170103051957



Turabian Style

Joyner, Chelsea, and Paul D. Loprinzi. 2017. The Association of Personality on Anxiety: Moderation Considerations of Physical Activity . Journal of Behavioral Health, 6 (2), 89-92. doi:10.5455/jbh.20170103051957



Chicago Style

Joyner, Chelsea, and Paul D. Loprinzi. "The Association of Personality on Anxiety: Moderation Considerations of Physical Activity ." Journal of Behavioral Health 6 (2017), 89-92. doi:10.5455/jbh.20170103051957



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Joyner, Chelsea, and Paul D. Loprinzi. "The Association of Personality on Anxiety: Moderation Considerations of Physical Activity ." Journal of Behavioral Health 6.2 (2017), 89-92. Print. doi:10.5455/jbh.20170103051957



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Joyner, C. & Loprinzi, P. D. (2017) The Association of Personality on Anxiety: Moderation Considerations of Physical Activity . Journal of Behavioral Health, 6 (2), 89-92. doi:10.5455/jbh.20170103051957





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