ISSN 2146-8346
 

Original Research 


Mindfulness-Based Walking vs. Seated Meditation on Anxiety, Affect, Fatigue and Cognition

Meghan Edwards, Breanna Wade, Emily Frith, Paul D. Loprinzi.

Abstract
Here we conducted a side-to-side comparison of mindfulness meditation vs. mindfulness-based walking on psychological functioning. Participants (23 young adults; Mage = 21 yrs) completed three laboratory visits (1-week apart). Session 1 included a familiarization trial. Session two and three (counterbalanced) included either a 10-minute guided mindfulness session or a 10-minute mindfulness-based treadmill walk (employing mindfulness meditation techniques while walking). Psychological outcomes, assessed before and after each visit, included various cognitive (e.g., executive function), affect (e.g., perceived valence, distinct emotions, arousal), and psychological (e.g., anxiety, fatigue) outcomes. Mindfulness meditation was effective in enhancing cognition (P=0.005); improving affective valence (P=0.01); reducing arousal (P=0.001); and decreasing sadness (P=0.04), anxiety (P=0.001) and tension (P=0.01). Similarly, mindfulness-based walking was effective in enhancing cognition (P=0.05); improving affective valence (P=0.001) and excitement (P=0.03); reducing sadness (P=0.04); and decreasing anxiety (P=0.001), tension (P=0.006) and fatigue (P=0.04). However, one intervention was not superior than the other. Both mindfulness meditation and mindfulness-based walking had similar effects in improving various cognitive, affect and psychological parameters. Such findings demonstrate the health-enhancing effects of these brief interventions and provides individuals and health professionals with various options (based on preference) to choose from to help improve psychological well-being.

Key words: exercise; health; mental health; physical activity; yoga


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Edwards M, Wade B, Frith E, Loprinzi PD, . Mindfulness-Based Walking vs. Seated Meditation on Anxiety, Affect, Fatigue and Cognition. J Behav Health. 2018; 7(4): 185-192. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180727033842


Web Style

Edwards M, Wade B, Frith E, Loprinzi PD, . Mindfulness-Based Walking vs. Seated Meditation on Anxiety, Affect, Fatigue and Cognition. http://www.jbehavioralhealth.com/?mno=2275 [Access: September 15, 2019]. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180727033842


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Edwards M, Wade B, Frith E, Loprinzi PD, . Mindfulness-Based Walking vs. Seated Meditation on Anxiety, Affect, Fatigue and Cognition. J Behav Health. 2018; 7(4): 185-192. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180727033842



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Edwards M, Wade B, Frith E, Loprinzi PD, . Mindfulness-Based Walking vs. Seated Meditation on Anxiety, Affect, Fatigue and Cognition. J Behav Health. (2018), [cited September 15, 2019]; 7(4): 185-192. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180727033842



Harvard Style

Edwards, M., Wade, . B., Frith, . E., Loprinzi, . P. D. & (2018) Mindfulness-Based Walking vs. Seated Meditation on Anxiety, Affect, Fatigue and Cognition. J Behav Health, 7 (4), 185-192. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180727033842



Turabian Style

Edwards, Meghan, Breanna Wade, Emily Frith, Paul D. Loprinzi, and . 2018. Mindfulness-Based Walking vs. Seated Meditation on Anxiety, Affect, Fatigue and Cognition. Journal of Behavioral Health, 7 (4), 185-192. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180727033842



Chicago Style

Edwards, Meghan, Breanna Wade, Emily Frith, Paul D. Loprinzi, and . "Mindfulness-Based Walking vs. Seated Meditation on Anxiety, Affect, Fatigue and Cognition." Journal of Behavioral Health 7 (2018), 185-192. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180727033842



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Edwards, Meghan, Breanna Wade, Emily Frith, Paul D. Loprinzi, and . "Mindfulness-Based Walking vs. Seated Meditation on Anxiety, Affect, Fatigue and Cognition." Journal of Behavioral Health 7.4 (2018), 185-192. Print. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180727033842



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Edwards, M., Wade, . B., Frith, . E., Loprinzi, . P. D. & (2018) Mindfulness-Based Walking vs. Seated Meditation on Anxiety, Affect, Fatigue and Cognition. Journal of Behavioral Health, 7 (4), 185-192. doi:10.5455/jbh.20180727033842





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