ISSN 2146-8346
 

Original Research 


Health Behavior Change and Life Course: A Qualitative Study Using Focus-Groups

Martin Loef, Elzbieta Dzigal-Mielnik, Harald Walach.

Abstract
This study aimed to explore the mechanisms of long-term behavior changes to a healthier lifestyle.
We conducted focus group interviews with a sample of 18 adults without further selection criteria and applied a top-down thematic analysis approach to extract the determinants of long-term health behavior change.
The results showed that long-term health behavior changes only occurred as a response to life events that force individuals to abandon established habits. These triggers accrued from the interplay of three life course elements: the life phase, a change in external living conditions (e.g. the social environment) over time, and internal motifs (past experience, future goals, and perceived immediate payoff).
Our results are discussed in the context of sociological lifestyle theories, suggesting that long-term lifestyle change follows from a disturbed equilibrium between external determinants and identity cues.

Key words: Life course, life events, behavior change, lifestyle, focus group


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Loef M, Dzigal-Mielnik E, Walach H. Health Behavior Change and Life Course: A Qualitative Study Using Focus-Groups. J Behav Health. 2015; 4(1): 1-6. doi:10.5455/jbh.177796


Web Style

Loef M, Dzigal-Mielnik E, Walach H. Health Behavior Change and Life Course: A Qualitative Study Using Focus-Groups. http://www.jbehavioralhealth.com/?mno=177796 [Access: September 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/jbh.177796


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Loef M, Dzigal-Mielnik E, Walach H. Health Behavior Change and Life Course: A Qualitative Study Using Focus-Groups. J Behav Health. 2015; 4(1): 1-6. doi:10.5455/jbh.177796



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Loef M, Dzigal-Mielnik E, Walach H. Health Behavior Change and Life Course: A Qualitative Study Using Focus-Groups. J Behav Health. (2015), [cited September 21, 2018]; 4(1): 1-6. doi:10.5455/jbh.177796



Harvard Style

Loef, M., Dzigal-Mielnik, E. & Walach, H. (2015) Health Behavior Change and Life Course: A Qualitative Study Using Focus-Groups. J Behav Health, 4 (1), 1-6. doi:10.5455/jbh.177796



Turabian Style

Loef, Martin, Elzbieta Dzigal-Mielnik, and Harald Walach. 2015. Health Behavior Change and Life Course: A Qualitative Study Using Focus-Groups. Journal of Behavioral Health, 4 (1), 1-6. doi:10.5455/jbh.177796



Chicago Style

Loef, Martin, Elzbieta Dzigal-Mielnik, and Harald Walach. "Health Behavior Change and Life Course: A Qualitative Study Using Focus-Groups." Journal of Behavioral Health 4 (2015), 1-6. doi:10.5455/jbh.177796



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Loef, Martin, Elzbieta Dzigal-Mielnik, and Harald Walach. "Health Behavior Change and Life Course: A Qualitative Study Using Focus-Groups." Journal of Behavioral Health 4.1 (2015), 1-6. Print. doi:10.5455/jbh.177796



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Loef, M., Dzigal-Mielnik, E. & Walach, H. (2015) Health Behavior Change and Life Course: A Qualitative Study Using Focus-Groups. Journal of Behavioral Health, 4 (1), 1-6. doi:10.5455/jbh.177796





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