E-ISSN 2146-8346
 

Original Research 


The Effect Of Alcohol, Cigarette Consumption And Obesity On The Life Expectancy At Birth

Gülnur İlgün, Murat Konca.

Abstract
Background: The main factors that affect the health statuses of individuals are classified as environment, behavior, healthcare services and genetics/inheritance. Among such factors, behavioral factors cover alcohol and cigarette consumption, and obesity. This study analyzed the effect of behavioral factors on life expectancy at birth, as one of the health status indicator, specific to Japan.
Methods: Ordinary least squares (OLS) regression was utilized to identify the effect of alcohol and cigarette consumption, and obesity on the life expectancy at birth.
Results: According to the analysis, alcohol and cigarette consumption, and obesity negatively affect the life expectancy at birth. A one-unit increase in the rate of alcohol, smoking and obesity decreases the life expectancy at birth by 0.043, 0.038, 0.054 years, respectively.
Conclusions: Although the related behavioral risk factors are individual choices; it is recommended that governments should take a number of measures against such risk factors, since the protection and development of social health are considered as main duties of governments.

Key words: Health Status, Health Behavior, Ordinary Least Squares, Japan


 
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Pubmed Style

Ilgun G, Konca M. The Effect Of Alcohol, Cigarette Consumption And Obesity On The Life Expectancy At Birth. J Behav Health. 2019; 8(1): 1-6. doi:10.5455/jbh.20181030074213


Web Style

Ilgun G, Konca M. The Effect Of Alcohol, Cigarette Consumption And Obesity On The Life Expectancy At Birth. http://www.jbehavioralhealth.com/?mno=14949 [Access: April 16, 2020]. doi:10.5455/jbh.20181030074213


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ilgun G, Konca M. The Effect Of Alcohol, Cigarette Consumption And Obesity On The Life Expectancy At Birth. J Behav Health. 2019; 8(1): 1-6. doi:10.5455/jbh.20181030074213



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ilgun G, Konca M. The Effect Of Alcohol, Cigarette Consumption And Obesity On The Life Expectancy At Birth. J Behav Health. (2019), [cited April 16, 2020]; 8(1): 1-6. doi:10.5455/jbh.20181030074213



Harvard Style

Ilgun, G. & Konca, . M. (2019) The Effect Of Alcohol, Cigarette Consumption And Obesity On The Life Expectancy At Birth. J Behav Health, 8 (1), 1-6. doi:10.5455/jbh.20181030074213



Turabian Style

Ilgun, Gulnur, and Murat Konca. 2019. The Effect Of Alcohol, Cigarette Consumption And Obesity On The Life Expectancy At Birth. Journal of Behavioral Health, 8 (1), 1-6. doi:10.5455/jbh.20181030074213



Chicago Style

Ilgun, Gulnur, and Murat Konca. "The Effect Of Alcohol, Cigarette Consumption And Obesity On The Life Expectancy At Birth." Journal of Behavioral Health 8 (2019), 1-6. doi:10.5455/jbh.20181030074213



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ilgun, Gulnur, and Murat Konca. "The Effect Of Alcohol, Cigarette Consumption And Obesity On The Life Expectancy At Birth." Journal of Behavioral Health 8.1 (2019), 1-6. Print. doi:10.5455/jbh.20181030074213



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ilgun, G. & Konca, . M. (2019) The Effect Of Alcohol, Cigarette Consumption And Obesity On The Life Expectancy At Birth. Journal of Behavioral Health, 8 (1), 1-6. doi:10.5455/jbh.20181030074213





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